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Yes they are misunderstood (and I will explain the use of that term later) and even scorned by the hygienists and sanitizers of this, the germ-free 21th century.I paid less than 0 for that first 1800’s pewter pass cup of mine: cheap, but it had long ago been abused and needed a small amount of restoration work. They have been called other names throughout history by various peoples and cultures.Here shown above the holder of the large pottery vessel is waiting for the bagpiper to complete his tune and will then pass the cup along to the thirsty player, using the three handles.Brueghel also shows us a similar vessel being hoisted up to a horse rider in one of his other folk paintings, still another clear indication that communal drinking and “passing” were flourishing in the cultures of the 16th century.(d)It was immediately after I purchased my first 2-handled pass cup [an English pewter two quart tankard, with two 1/2 lids attached to the two large handles; long since sold (another dumb move) that I became really interested in the custom of communal drinking and the vessels associated with such an antiquated activity.The factors that influence these judgments of age are style, construction, markings, patina and wear.
Shortly after that, I decided to put together a small display collection of these communal drinking vessels, most now long outdated and misunderstood.
Antique beer steins, mugs and tankards are prized for their craftsmanship and colorful ornamentation and scenes. from Germany in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, especially from the city of Mettlach, whose potteries produced thousands of the vessels.
They can be found in many styles and materials, including copper, pewter, silver, pottery, ivory, porcelain, glass and wood.
He was murdered on Hampstead Heath in 1678, shortly after receiving the first anti-Catholic depositions in the Popish Plot; the culprits were never identified, although contemporary opinion blamed Godfrey's political enemies. BG" and made by two different makers in two different years: 1673–74 by the Master I. Although all the tankards were made before Godfrey's death, it is likely that they were given to friends in his memory by his brother, and that tankards in stock at a retailer were purchased with funds left in his will for such gifts, as was a common practice. gentleman (Edmund Berry Godfrey) a careful and trustworthy Justice of the Peace.
The sides of the tankard are engraved with scenes of the plague and fire, Latin inscriptions describing Godfrey's conduct during the crises and the king's gratitude, and the arms of both men. Inscription: Engraved above above cartouche of plague scene: (left of arms), Ex Dono E: BG: Militis/ Irenarchae Seduli, Intergerimi; /quem/ post Egregiam in fugandâ peste praestitam operam/ Carolus Secundus Semper Augustus/ Assensu Procerum a Secretis Conciliis/ In Perpetuam tantae pietatis memoriam/ Agenteo donavit Oenophoro, et vere Regio/ Hoc Ampliore modo insignito/ (Given by E. His Majesty Charles II gave him a silver flagon with the assent of his Privy Council in perpetual recognition of his faithfulness to duty and the outstanding and practical measures he took to mitigate the plague)Engraved below cartouche of plague scene: (left of arms), Gratia Dei et Regis Caroli Secundi/ pestis sibi salus/ E: BG: 1665 (By the Grace of God and King Charles II.